Practical Tips for Implementing Electronic Medical Records
April 21, 2010
happy to report that Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) are much easier to
implement than I once feared! We
installed a new system in my practice about a year ago and I must say I'm very
pleased. There was certainly a
learning curve, but once my staff and I embraced it, we found the pros far
outweigh the cons. I'll share my
experience with the hope that it may assist the thousands of eye care
professionals (ECPs) who have not yet made the leap but are seriously
considering it – or have an EMR system but are not utilizing it.
may have been one of the more challenging installations because it is very
large, very busy, and office procedures are highly delegated to many staff
members. We also use scribes, so the
recording of exam data is not in the hands of the doctors, but is completely
done by technicians. I'll discuss
that aspect as well.
practice is different, as is every EMR system, but I found it helpful to
assimilate our EMR procedures slowly.
This approach caused very little stress on my staff and we did not have
to reduce our patient schedule or our practice income.
We began with
formal training on our EMR system for all staff members via live and prerecorded
web-based courses and an onsite trainer.
One of our doctors was appointed to be in charge of developing the system
for our practice and designing exam templates. After
the training sessions, we practiced on our system using fictitious patients
during any down time in the office.
Staff members simply made up patients with the last name “Training” and often
used their own first name so they could return to their practice record when
they had time. The doctor in charge
of EMR worked with small groups of staff to assist them with the practice
sessions and to provide fictitious but believable data.
actually going live with EMRs, we scheduled some of our staff members as
patients into our appointment system.
This gave us time in our schedule to work with EMRs in real time in our
actual exam rooms, but without real patients.
This was very helpful because the patient was a technician, plus we had a
scribing technician and a doctor; all were able to learn and refine their
skills. We took some of these
practice patients into the optical for an eyeglass order, fit contact lenses on
some and ordered special diagnostic tests for others.
we truly started using EMRs for real patients, we limited ourselves to only two
or three established patients per day for each doctor.
And in those cases, we still had the patient's old paper record in hand
as a safety net. This showed us
areas where we needed to improve and gave us time to find answers to our
questions. We kept a spiral notebook
in a central location so all staff members could write down questions and make
note of quirky things we learned. We
reviewed this at our weekly staff meetings and in some cases, we had to change
our office procedures to adapt to the new way of recording data and placing
aids My practice
is still evolving as we gain experience with EMRs.
Here are some work-arounds we came up with to make us more efficient.
It was helpful to continue with our old ways as we merged into our new
An in-office worksheet.
We use a one page exam form to collect our pretest data.
This allows the technician to breeze through pretesting very quickly
and not tie up our rooms and instruments while entering data.
Ideally, we will have our pretest data flow automatically into the
record, but we are not quite there yet and some tests and notes are not
electronic. The pretest worksheet
also proves to be a great aid for the doctor during the exam because our
scribes are using the EMR to record new data and the pretest data is not
always visible on the monitor. The
worksheet is simply discarded at the end of the visit because all the data
An available PC outside the exam
rooms allows doctors or staff members to look up previous records to review
key information points away from the patient.
A paper superbill.
We still like to use our old three-part receipt forms as a
multipurpose routing slip and fee worksheet.
All this information is entered into our EMR or office management
system during the patient's visit, but the superbill still serves as a nice
organizer and back-up copy. We still
give the patient a copy of the handwritten fee slip along with the computer
generated statement because it's an impressive marketing piece for the
practice (explaining all that we do).
High speed duplex scanner.
These machines are amazing and well worth the expense over cheaper
multipurpose scanners. The staff can
put in a stack of papers of various sizes and it scans both sides of every
page perfectly and quickly. We did
not scan all the old paper charts but we scan the records for patients as
they are scheduled for re-examination.
We also scan various documents that are produced for patients, like
optical lab invoices with important lens data or incoming referral letters.
Tablet PCs and laptops.
These computers, which connect to our network database and the
internet via a wireless connection, serve a great purpose as they allow us
to enter data anywhere and move with the patient.
Most of our exam rooms just have
one computer on the side desk. We
also use a separate PC dedicated to running visual acuity software.
You could run the acuity program off the same PC as your EMR program,
but it requires two video cards and I seem to have plenty of older PCs left
over from past hardware upgrades that work just fine as acuity machines.
We have a few larger exam rooms
where the scribe sits further away from the doctor so we utilize dual
monitors with a SVGA splitter cable.
Both monitors display the same thing.
It would be great if the doctor and tech could each have their own monitor
and each could access any part of the record they needed, but there are some
technical challenges with having two people access and update the same
patient record at the same time. It
really isn't a problem in our practice to have the doctor and tech seeing
the same thing. If the doctor needs
to look up a finding from the past, she typically just tells the tech to
The scribe (technician) generally
has control of the computer, but the doctor can take it at anytime.
We find wireless keyboards and mice to be a big help in the sharing
process. We also use LCD monitors
with felt pads on the rubber feet so they easily slide and turn on the desk.
I care about how the exam room
looks to patients. While one monitor
on the desk looks high tech, I want to avoid the silliness of having too
many computers in a small room. I
hide the PC boxes (CPUs) under the desks or inside cabinets and I run all
cables and power cords behind desks and inside walls.
The scribe can do a great job of
recording during the exam and the doctor does not have to worry about the
EMR program, but rather pays full attention to the patient.
EMR is yet another advantage of using scribes.
We always had a slight waste of
time in our exam process when the technician finished pretesting and waited
for the doctor to arrive to begin the exam.
Our doctors are very responsive to their pages, but there is usually
a three to six minute wait as they finish other tasks.
We now use this time to allow the technician to enter pretest data
and perform other administrative tasks in the record.
This is done in the same exam room with the patient; they now wait
The good far
outweighs the bad I think most
ECPs realize they must move forward and embrace electronic records.
While we may focus on the limitations and time-consuming aspects of EMR
programs, I think we also know that paper record keeping is expensive and
time-consuming in different ways.
I'm convinced that EMR systems have far more advantages than disadvantages.
I have even seen a practice building aspect to EMRs because patients are
very impressed when they see us using tablet and desktop PCs to record their
visit. If you don't already have EMR, I
think the time is right to shop for a system, buy one and begin using it.